Sainte-Croix et son histoire (Anglais)

 

Where the name "Sainte Croix" comes from 
There is no patron Saint in Sainte Croix, but it celebrates the day of the Holy Cross on 14 September.  In the hamlet of Labarre, on the right after the railroad towards Louhans, there is an old cross, which has given its name to the village.

The legend
The origin of Sainte Croix is associated with the early days of christianity and its introduction into Bresse.  In 312 AD, the Roman emperor Constantine the Great was returning from a war in Germany on his way to Rome to dislodge usurper Maxentius.  In Sainte Croix, he would have had the vision of a cross of light with the Greek words ἘνΤούτῳΝίκα'  ("by this, conquer!")  . The next night, he had a dream where Christ described to him the "labarum" (letters X and P intertwined) and instructed him to use it against his enemies.  Constantine obeyed and obtained victory.  Several historians believe that the name of the nearby hamlet La Barre derived from the Latin "labarum".

 
Famous persons from Sainte Croix

 

Madame d'Artagnan
Anne-Charlotte de Chanlecy, baroness of Sainte Croix married Charles de Bats de Castelmore d'Artagnan on April 3rd 1659 in Paris.  She was his only wife and they had two sons, who both became musketeers.  They separated after some time and Anne-Charlotte returned to Sainte Croix to take care of her estate.  She died in Sainte Croix on December 31st 1683 and was buried in the church the next day.

Rose Vincent
Her original name was Marie-Rose Treffot, born in Sainte Croix in 1918.  She died in Clamart in 2011.  A professor of mathematics and hero of French resistance during WWII, she became a journalist after the war and a writer.  Rose Vincent is her pen name.  She wrote numerous books and articles on education and received literary prices for her novels.  She held the "medal of resistance" and was "chevalier des palmes academiques" and "chevalier de la legion d'honneur".

Waldeck Rochet
He was born in Sainte Croix in 1905 and died in Nanterre in 1983.  He was first elected MP in 1936 and was always re-elected until 1968, either in his native Saone-et-Loire or in Paris.  In 1937, he created a weakly journal, "La Terre" that defined "rural communism" and had a broad circulation.  In 1964, he succeeded Maurice Thorez as leader of the French communist party, a position he held until 1969.